In today’s fast paced life, stress and strain on mind and body have become common thing. This has led to increased tensions, exhaustion, burnouts affecting the family life and social cohesion. Also as incidents of substance abuse and alcoholism exist, there is urgent need to curb such social evils and to guide people out of these habits. There are also various people who are disabled and need support and guidance to help find their place in the society. Also, as the number of students are increasing, so is the need to guide them for better social skills and help them to become better individuals, inculcating good habits in them. In similar fashion, most people need guidance in choosing their careers, as options available are varied. Here in comes the role of the counselors who fulfill all the above mentioned roles. There are different types of counselors whose job varies according to their specialization. There are school and career counselors, mental health counselors, marriage and family counselors, rehabilitation counselors, etc who fulfill all these varied roles.
Due to the growth of the internet, online counseling is gaining popularity in the present times. The only condition is that both the counselor and the client must have access to a computer for fulfilling this purpose. It can come in various forms but typically online counseling can be in the form of email, text messaging, voice and video links, chat rooms and discussion boards. Most of the people are familiar with this type of communication as internet has made them used to them and may have used some form of online communication tool. Online counseling can be provided to individual or group, same as in case of face to face counseling. Online counseling is also known as web counseling, e-counseling,e-therapy and internet counseling.
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